Long-term modelling and analyzing of some important forest ecosystem values with linear programming
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CitationKeleş, S., Yolasığmaz, H.A., Başkent, E.Z., 2007. Long term modeling and analyzing of some important forest ecosystem values with linear programming. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 16 (3), 963-972.
This study tackles the integration of six important selected forest values (soil conservation, carbon sequestration, visual quality, timber, water and oxygen production) into a linear programming-based forest management planning model. All forest values were functionally linked to forest stand characteristics, and a number of forest management strategies were developed to evaluate the tradeoffs among forest values. The outputs of each strategy are evaluated with a number of performance indicators, such as standing timber volume, harvested volume, ending forest inventory, areas harvested and basal area. The management strategies indicated that long-term protection of forest ecosystems played an important role on the amount of carbon sequestration, soil conservation and visual quality values. The integration of timber volume policy constraints into timber-based forest management planning caused losses in timber volumes. Increased net carbon sequestration and dereased soil losses were attained at a significant cost, in terms of forgone timber harvest. Soil losses and water productions of forest ecosystems decreased, when residual basal area of forest stands increased. Clear-cuttings of forest stands have negative effects on visual quality. Higher timber growth rates resulted in more oxygen production.