The importance of physical activity in the present and past: opinions of thinkers
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CitationÜstündağ, H., Şentürk, E., Şentürk, M. (2018). The importance of physical activity in the present and past: opinions of thinkers. Acta Physiologica. 225.
Aim: Thephysical activity is getting decrease due to developing of technology, work life and the urbanization, so this situation has a bad role on the human health. The aim of this study is to compare the information that presents the relationship of exercise approaches and exercises in the past period with today's information and evaluate the perspective of the exercise at that time.Methods: The works of scientists and philosophers living in the past period were investigated by examining the opinions of physical activity and body health.Results:Ibn-i Sina who lived in the eleventh-century and made a reputation especially as a physician, was a scientist. He defined exercise as a series of voluntary movements that consist of deep and rapid respiration, Moreover,he thought that regular exercisehad a protective effect against temperament and humoral disturbances. Another well-known thinker, Ibn-i Miskeveyh said "children and adults drop into a habit that moving, riding, making physical exercise, and avoid to acquired habits that are the opposite of them "He emphasized that physical education and sports have a great positive effect on human health.Conclusion: The views of archaic scholars about physical activity has a significant importance for occurring the physical, mental and spiritually healthier societies.