Riparian grazing impacts on streambank erosion and phosphorus loss via surface runoff
MetadataShow full item record
CitationTüfekçioğlu, M., Schultz, R. C., Zaimes, G. N., Isenhart, T. M., & Tüfekçioğlu, A. (2013). Riparian grazing impacts on streambank erosion and phosphorus loss via surface runoff 1. JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 49(1), 103-113.
Surface runoff is one of the major pathways of sediment and phosphorus (P) transport to surface waters. Rainfall simulations were conducted on nine grazed pasture sites with different stocking rates in three different Iowa (United States) regions. The purpose of the simulations was to determine the impacts of cattle grazing on the amounts of sediment and P in surface runoff within a 15-m wide strip on both sides of the stream from different source areas (SAs). These riparian SAs included stream-side loafing areas, cattle streambank access paths to the stream, and the other vegetated areas adjacent to the streambanks. The runoff samples collected during the simulations were analyzed for suspended sediment (SS) and total phosphorus (TP). Soil bulk density and antecedent soil moisture samples were collected around the rainfall simulation plots to identify differences in compaction, infiltration, and surface runoff among the SAs. SS and TP losses from access paths and loafing areas within the 15-m wide strips accounted for up to 72 and 55% of the total losses, respectively, even though they accounted for only 2.7% of the total area within the 15-m wide strips. This suggests that access paths and loafing areas require special attention to mitigate the impacts of cattle on stream water pollution. Significant correlations were found between stocking rates and both SS and TP losses suggesting that low stocking rates can reduce sediment and P export to streams from the SAs.