Effects of and use on biodiversity in the eastern black sea region of Turkey
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The biodiversity of Turkey is deteriorating due to rapid human population growth and associated intensive or unwise utilization of natural resources and habitats. Cultivation, forestry practices and heavy grazing are some of the main reasons of decreasing biodiversity in the East Black Sea Region of Turkey. Endemism is high in this region and 386 plants are endemic to the region. Eight of the endemics are in critically endangered list of IUCN while 55 are in endangered list. Most of these critically endangered and endangered species were found in grasslands and forest openings. Also, influence of land use on biodiversity was evaluated in the region, and possible effects of conversion of the forests into cultivation on biodiversity were discussed in this paper.