The review of non-wood forest products management in Turkey as from the five year development plans and forestry main plans
MetadataShow full item record
CitationTÜRKER, M.F., PAK, M., ve ÖZTÜRK, A., The Review of Non-Wood Forest Products Management in the Five Year Development Plans and Forest Main Plans, (Seminar on “Harvesting of Non-Wood Forest Products”, Menemen – İzmir, Turkey, 2-8 October 2000), Seminar Proceedings “Harvesting of Non-Wood Forest Products”, Ministry of Forestry of Turkey, 307-317, Turkey, 2001.
Approximately 9500 plant species have been discovered in Turkey which has a rich flora according to other countries as geographically and up to 3000 of these species are endemic species for the country. Some of non-wood forest products which are weighted in the world production also denote endemic species characteristics. The utility from these resources has increasingly been continuing. As known, the production is realised according to intemal and external demands. Because the production potential is very high for home consumption. Therefore, there is a chance for exporting of non-wood forest products for the country. For example, in between 1990 and 1998, a total of $ 300.937 .000 forest products was exported. A part of $ 294.448.000 of total export revenues was obtained from non-wood forest products. The remaining of it ($ 6.488.000) was from round wood. In thi s case, about 98 % of total forest products export revenues was obtained from the non-wood forest products. Although non-wood forest production is very important for Turkey, not so much information are given place in the development plans about it. However, first principles, targets and policies on this point were mentioned clearly in the fourth Five Year Development Plan. For the many plan periods, it has been seen that the production targets of non-wood forest products harvested systematically have been realised over production targets at the end of plan period.. On the other hand, the approaches related to the production of non-wood forest products in Forestry Main Plans which is prepared for the 20 years period are not different from that in the development plans. In this study, the possible effects of the targets, strategies and policies determined in the Five Year Development and Forestry Main Plans as related to non-wood production on the rational management of wood and non-wood forest products of forest resources owned by State Forest Enterprises have been discussed.