Bioenergy in the Black Sea Basin Countries: Status, Prospects and Possibilities
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In recent years, concern about global climate change and air quality has increased interest in bioenergy from renewable sources. Bioenergy has several environmental advantages over fossil fuel. Amongst renewable energy sources, the biggest contribution (63%) comes from biomass. Biomass represents the cheapest and most abundant feedstock available in large volume. Approximately 80 billion tons of biomass in forest is produced in the world annually. Within the scope of sustainable development, bioenergy usage becomes crucial also in Black Sea Basin Countries. In this paper, status, prospects and possibilities of bioenergy production and usage in the Black Sea Basin Countries were reviewed.