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dc.contributor.authorAdar, Elanur
dc.contributor.authorKaratop, Buket
dc.contributor.authorBilgili, Mehmet Sinan
dc.contributor.authorİnce, Mahir
dc.date.accessioned2020-06-22T08:14:23Z
dc.date.available2020-06-22T08:14:23Z
dc.date.issued2020en_US
dc.identifier.citationAdar, E., Karatop, B., Bilgili, M. S., & İnce, M. (2020). Prioritization of the treatment and disposal methods of wastes containing polychlorinated biphenyl by fuzzy multi-criteria decision-making and risk assessment. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 192(7), 1-15.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-020-08391-2
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/11494/2112
dc.description.abstractA total of 209 different types of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) with various properties have been produced from 1930 to 1970s in which they have been banned due to their toxic effects. Total produced PCBs in the world are around 15 to 20 million tons, and up to now, 5.4 million tons of PCB-containing or PCB-contaminated equipment/materials has been eliminated. The remaining 10–15 million tons still needs to be removed or managed. Moreover, PCBs are pollutants still being unintentionally formed. These pollutants can be treated or disposed of various methods. However, there is a lack of knowledge about the selection of the treatment and disposal methods and their environmental, technological, cost, and social/ergonomic evaluation perspectives and the risk assessment during method selection. In this study, a projection was presented for the management of PCBs with an integrated multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM)-risk analysis focusing on these questions. Treatment (physical, chemical, biological) and disposal (incineration, landfill, supercritical water oxidation/gasification (SCWO/G), and pyrolysis/gasification) methods for the management of PCB-containing waste have been prioritized by fuzzy-analytical hierarchy process (F-AHP) in terms of environmental, technology, cost, and social/ergonomic criteria. Risk analysis was also made in terms of these criteria for considered alternatives, and compliance with risk and MCDM was evaluated. As a result of the study, priority methods among alternatives were determined as chemical treatment and SCWO/G. It has been determined that the weight values of the main criteria of environmental, technology, cost, and social/ergonomics were close to each other, but the emission criterion of the sub-criteria was determined to be of higher priority. In the risk analysis, chemical treatment and SCWO/G methods have been found to carry a more acceptable risk. Thus, it has been evaluated that these methods provide more superiority than other methods. © 2020, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherSpringeren_US
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/closedAccessen_US
dc.subjectPolychlorinated biphenylsen_US
dc.subjectMulti-criteriadecision-makingen_US
dc.subjectFuzzy logicen_US
dc.subjectRisk analysisen_US
dc.subjectPrioritizationen_US
dc.titlePrioritization of the treatment and disposal methods of wastes containing polychlorinated biphenyl by fuzzy multi-criteria decision-making and risk assessmenten_US
dc.typearticleen_US
dc.relation.journalEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessmenten_US
dc.departmentAÇÜ, Mühendislik Fakültesien_US
dc.authorid0000-0002-9609-0439en_US
dc.identifier.volume192en_US
dc.identifier.issue7en_US
dc.identifier.startpage1en_US
dc.identifier.endpage15en_US
dc.relation.publicationcategoryMakale - Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi - Kurum Öğretim Elemanıen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10661-020-08391-2en_US
dc.contributor.institutionauthor[0-Belirlenecek]en_US


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