Performance improvement of the heat recovery unit with sequential type heat pipes using TİO2 nanofluid
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CitationÖztürk, A., Özalp, M., Sözen, A., & Guru, M. (2019). Performance improvement of the heat recovery unit with sequential type heat pipes using TiO2 nanofluid. Thermal Science, 23(3), 1755-1764.
This paper deals with the improvement of thermal performance of the heat recovery system in air-to-air unit by using a nanofluid of TiO particles and distilled water. The 2 experimental set-up equipped with 15 copper pipes of a 1000 mm length, 10.5 mm inner diameter, and 12 mm outer diameter was used. The evaporator section consists of 450 mm of heat pipes, the condenser section is 400 mm, and the adiabatic section is 150 mm. In experimental studies, 33% of the evaporator volumes of heat pipes were filled with working fluids. Experiments were carried out at temperatures between 25 ºC and 90 ºC by using five different cooling air-flows (40, 42, 45, 61, and 84 g/s), and two different heating powers (3 kW and 6 kW) for the evaporation section, to determine heat removed from the condensation section. Trials were performed for distilled water and nanofluid respectively, and the results were compared with each other. Results revealed that a 50% recovery in the thermal performance of the heat pipe heat recovery system was achieved in the design using TiO nanofluid as the working liquid, at a heating power of 3 kW, air 2 velocity of 2.03 m/s and air-flow of 84 g/s