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dc.contributor.authorBozkuş, Tuğba Nigar
dc.contributor.authorDeǧer, Orhan
dc.contributor.authorYaşar, Ahmet
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-08T07:09:19Z
dc.date.available2021-03-08T07:09:19Z
dc.date.issued2021en_US
dc.identifier.citationTuğba Nigar Bozkuş , Orhan Değer & Ahmet Yaşar (2021): Chemicalcharacterization of water and ethanolic extracts of Turkish propolis by HPLC-DAD and GC-MS,Journal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies, DOI: 10.1080/10826076.2021.1883648.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/11494/2677
dc.description.abstractThis study aims to determine the qualitative and quantitative contents of Turkish propolis collected from various regions of Turkey using high-performance liquid chromatography with the diode-array detector (HPLC-DAD) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) in water and ethanolic extracts. In HPLC-DAD analyses, it was determined that water extract of Turkish propolis contains phenolic acids such as caffeic acid (204.00 µg/mL), trans-cinnamic, chlorogenic, and caffeoylquinic acids, responsible for its antioxidant activity; whereas, the ethanolic extract of Turkish propolis contains chrysin (641.33 µg/mL), caffeic acid phenethyl ester (630.67 µg/mL), pinocembrin (572.67 µg/mL), galangin (534.11 µg/mL), naringenin (372.39 µg/mL), and also kaempferol, trans-cinnamic acid, caffeic acid, myricetin, and quercetin. GC-MS analyses showed that ethanolic extract of propolis contains caffeic acid by Rtx-1 column and the water extract of propolis contains quinic acid and ferulic acid by Rtx-5ms column. Various sugar derivatives were detected by both columns in water and ethanolic extracts of Turkish propolis. HPLC-DAD can be considered as a more effective method than GC-MS for the chemical characterization of propolis. Water extract of Turkish propolis can be a good source of raw materials for various sectors, as it is both cheap and has less health risk than ethanolic extract, and is suitable for human use.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherBellwether Publishing, Ltd.en_US
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/closedAccessen_US
dc.subjectEthanolic extract of propolisen_US
dc.subjectGC-MSen_US
dc.subjectHPLC-DADen_US
dc.subjectPolyphenolsen_US
dc.subjectWater extract of propolisen_US
dc.titleChemical characterization of water and ethanolic extracts of Turkish propolis byHPLC-DAD and GC-MSen_US
dc.typearticleen_US
dc.relation.journalJournal of Liquid Chromatography and Related Technologiesen_US
dc.departmentAÇÜ, Artvin Meslek Yüksekokuluen_US
dc.authorid0000-0001-9613-6911en_US
dc.relation.publicationcategoryMakale - Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi - Kurum Öğretim Elemanıen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/10826076.2021.1883648en_US
dc.contributor.institutionauthorBozkuş, Tuğba Nigaren_US


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