Trace element-based geochemical contamination characteristics and potential risks to human health: a case study from Northeast Turkey
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CitationKobya, Y., Bilgin, A., Yeşilkanat, C. M., Başsarı, A., & Taşkın, H. (2021). Trace element-based geochemical contamination characteristics and potential risks to human health: a case study from Northeast Turkey. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 1-16.
Trace elements measured in Artvin province soil samples in Northeast Turkey were assessed using pollution and health indices. The study area is positioned in one of the essential metallogenic belts in Turkey. This attempt is the first endeavor toward the study area in this context. The measured trace elements are As, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn, as they were assessed using pollution indices, enrichment factor, geo-accumulation index, contamination factor, and health risk assessment methods. According to the results of enrichment factor (EF), geo-accumulation index (Igeo), and contamination factor (CF), the soils of Artvin province show a slightly severe enrichment, moderately polluted and very high contaminated with arsenic, respectively. The pollution load index score (PLI) index (1.57) indicates that Artvin province is polluted in terms of trace elements. The hazard index (HI) calculated values for children and adults were 1.55 and 0.18, respectively. This revealed that the aforementioned metals can have non-carcinogenic effects (HI > 1). Total potential carcinogenic health risk (TCR) values for children and adults were 3.22 × 10–5 and 1.40 × 10–5, respectively. The non-carcinogenic risk level indicates that there may be a risk for children rather than adults.