Error estimations of a weak Galerkin finite element method for a linear system of coupled singularly perturbed reaction-diffusion equations in the energy and balanced norms
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CitationToprakseven, Ş., & Dinibutun, S. (2023). Error estimations of a weak Galerkin finite element method for a linear system of $\ell\geq 2$ coupled singularly perturbed reaction-diffusion equations in the energy and balanced norms. AIMS Mathematics, 8(7), 15427-15465.
This paper introduces a weak Galerkin ﬁnite element method for a system of coupled singularly perturbed reaction-diffusion problems. The proposed method is independent of parameter and uses piecewise discontinuous polynomials on interior of each element and constant on the boundary of each element. By the Schur complement technique, the interior unknowns can be locally efficiently eliminated from the resulting linear system, and the degrees of freedom of the proposed method are comparable with the classical FEM. It has been reported that the energy norm is not adequate for singularly perturbed reaction-diffusion problems since it can not efficiently reflect the behaviour of the boundary layer parts when the diffusion coefficient is very small. For the first time, the error estimates in the balanced norm has been presented for a system of coupled singularly perturbed problems when each equation has different parameter. Optimal and uniform error estimates have been established in the energy and balanced norm on an uniform Shishkin mesh. Finally, we carry out various numerical experiments to verify the theoretical findings.