Web services and e-local government
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"Web Services" were first realized around the year 2000. Since then, they have collected a great interest from various communities. Although it has originally been foreseen for e-business applications, Web Services are now in the mainstreams of many companies that either produce or use Information and Communication Technologies. There are already a number of software companies providing tools to develop and deploy Web Services. Although it sounds like a new technology, Web Services has its roots on distributed systems and it is an evolution of the work on that area. They both have the same philosophy behind, which is the well-known concept of "distributed but cooperating" systems. But the way that the "cooperation" takes place is different. While the stress is on the distribution of the "data" in distributed systems, it is on the distribution of the "tasks" in Web services. In the Web Services view, every different system or component offers some services for some others. Any system does its job by just calling suitable services over Internet. From this respect, one can even derive the analogy between the philosophies behind Web Services and Object-Orientation. In general, Web Services seems to have a great potential for wherever there is a need for cooperation or "interoperability". In Today's World, the interoperability, the ability of different systems working together, is the only way to assure rapid, cost-effective and quality solutions or services. This need, backed up and in a sense provoked by Internet, and the Web have opened up the road to Web Services. The need for interoperability has long been felt in spatial data management communities as well. Therefore, these communities have recently directed their work towards the adoption of Web Services. The purpose of this work was to suggest Web Services for local governments to lower costs, improve service quality, and increase revenues in local government. This is an urgent need especially for local governments in Turkey. We have first examined major local government activities for the municipality of Trabzon in Turkey. And identified possible Web Services. We have also implemented some of these services using Cape Clear TM Web Services development and deployment software. We have found out that Web Services has a great potential for e-local government. In addition to improving qualities of services, and lowering costs, Web services would highly increase incomes by both closing the gaps and enabling new services.