Environmental decision making, spatial data infrastructures and semantic web
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Either the business model of today or the requirements of “Sustainable Development” have rendered “cooperation” or “collaboration” indispensable. Because required are rapid, right, and economical (R2E) “products”. The term “products” here may be perceived as solutions, decisions, services, etc. It is the rapid and right decisions which would save the environment. There are two main factors for “right” decisions. One of them is the provision of consensus over the uses of environmental resources. The other one is the information that will serve for consensus. Indeed, the information here is to ensure a scientific background for decisions. The interest of this work is to highlight the requirements of Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDIs) which are for the effective provision of information. SDIs can be defined as “interoperability infrastructures” which enable government, private sector, academia, and all the others interoperate or collaborate effectively for their work. Since there may be various stakeholders involved, building and maintaining SDIs are ambitious tasks. Both technically and institutionally frameworks are needed. This work is on the technical framework and specifically on the implementation of technical interoperability infrastructure. There are two options for this implementation. The one is the syntactical and the other one is the semantical option. The requirements of both option are put down in this work with semantic implementation of a use case of environmental domain. Since a partial implementation of the syntactical option was performed in an earlier work of the authors, it has not been implemented for the use case here.