Effects of Ips typographus (L.) damage on litter quality and decomposition rates of Oriental Spruce [Picea Orientalis (L.) Link.] in Hatila Valley National Park, Turkey
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KünyeSariyildiz T., Akkuzu E., Küçük M., Duman A., Aksu Y. , Effects Of Ips Typographus (L.) Damage On Litter Quality And Decomposition Rates Of Oriental Spruce [Picea Orientalis (L.) Link.] İn Hatila Valley National Park, Turkey,, "Eur J Forest Res ", 127, 429-440, (2008)
This study investigated the eVects of Ips typographus (L.) damage on initial litter quality parameters and subsequent decomposition rates of oriental spruce tree species [Picea orientalis (L.) Link]. The needle litter was collected from highly damaged, moderately damaged and control stands on two aspects (north and south) and two slope position (top and bottom) on each aspect. The litter was analyzed for initial total carbon, lignin and nutrient (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium and manganese) concentrations. The variability in nitrogen and calcium concentrations and ratios of C:N, lignin:N and lignin:Ca was signiWcantly aVected by the insect damaged levels. While nitrogen concentrations in needle litter increased with increasing insect damage (and consequently the ratios of C:N and lignin:N decreased), calcium concen- trations decreased (and consequently the ratio of lignin:Ca increased). Aspect and slope positions explained most of the variability in carbon, lignin, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and manganese concentrations and lignin:P ratio between all studied stands. Litter decomposition was studied in the Weld using the litterbag technique. The litter from highly damaged stands showed highest decomposition rates followed by moderately damaged and control stands. The mass loss rates were signiWcantly positively correlated with initial nitrogen concentration and negatively with C:N and lignin:N ratios. The eVects of microclimate resulting from canopy damage on litter decomposition was also examined at the same time using standard litter with the same litter quality parameters, but they showed no signiW- cant diVerences among the insect damage levels indicating that alteration of the litter quality parameters produced by I. typographus damage played a more important role than altered microclimate in controlling needle litter decomposi- tion rates. However, changes in microclimate factors due to topography inXuenced decomposition rates.